Sickle Cell Disease
Hydroxyurea is a medication that can reduce many of the complications of SCD. When we are born, we have a type of hemoglobin known as “Fetal Hemoglobin” that we get from our mothers. Research has shown that this Fetal Hemoglobin helps protect persons with SCD from some of the complications of the disease. As we get older, the amount of Fetal Hemoglobin naturally decreases and this protection is lost. Hydroxyurea acts to increase the level of Fetal Hemoglobin in patients who take it and thereby increases the protection against many of SCD’s complications.